A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
There are currently 49 such countries, including five partially recognised states.
The economic disadvantages of being landlocked can be alleviated or aggravated depending on degree of development, language barriers, and other considerations.
Some landlocked countries are quite affluent, such as Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, and Austria, all of which frequently employ neutrality to their political advantage.
There are only three countries completely landlocked by just one other country.
Lesotho : A state landlocked within South Africa
San Marino : A state surrounded by Italy
Vatican City : A state forming part of rome surrounded by Italy.